Flat Foot Surgery Correcting Flat Feet

Flat foot surgery is a minor procedure that corrects symptoms of flat feet. It is estimated that around 20% of adults suffer from flat feet, although many will report no negative effects from the condition.

If you are one of those adults that suffer from flat feet, surgery could greatly improve your life, making movement, exercise and a whole range of other daily tasks far easier.
However, flat foot surgery is not always necessary and there are easier ways to combat the condition, depending on its severity.

Flat Foot Problems

Your feet have arches which are maintained by the bones, muscles and tendons. The arches assist us in running walking by transferring the body weight evenly over the entire foot. Thus these arches are very essential for the process locomotion.

If a persons’ arch comes into contact with the ground as he or she is walking or if it is not high enough, the condition is referred as fallen arch or flat foot. Flat feet in adults may be  a result of pregnancy, injury or even age. In most situations, flat feet usually is not a cause to worry. However, there are times when this condition may be of concern. Let us now have a look at the various flat foot problems.

Some common problems that are associated with flat foot are:

*Hip Pain

Individuals with flat feet may tend to roll or pronate their feet inwards when they are walking. This usually causes their legs to rotate inwards. The internal rotation may cause stress in their feet thus resulting in hip pain.

*Knee Pain

If you roll on your feet, you are likely to experience knee pain. This is because turning your knees in an inward position so that they face each other may end up causing unnatural alignment of them. For those with flat foot, this may cause knee pain.

*Tendonitis

Unnatural positioning of the foot may cause excess strain on your leg and foot tendons. This may eventually lead to tendonitis.

*Arthritis

Flattening of the foot excessively may cause your joints to rotate beyond their usual range. This may eventually damage the bones found at the joints.

*Plantar Fasciitis

If you step on the floor with a flat foot, the foot will elongate. This causes an excessive pull on a persons’ plantar fascia.

Many flat footed people will experience no adverse health effects from their condition. This is because their feet have remained flexible despite the collapsing of their arches. This is normal in young children, but becomes a problem if it persists beyond the age of about six. If the problem persists into adulthood, flat foot surgery may become a necessity. Some individuals may begin to experience difficulties if their feet do not retain this flexibility.

Dip your foot in water and then create a foot print by stepping onto a grey or lightly coloured surface. If your foot is correctly aligned you should see a definite print where the toes, ball of the foot and heel are contact with the ground.

These should be connected by a thin line which runs along the outside edge of the foot, leaving a semi-circular gap in the foot print where your instep has not contacted the ground. If your foot is flat, there will be no gap and instead the whole of the sole of the foot will be in contact with the ground, leaving a complete print.

Problems such as intense blistering on the inside of the foot, over pronation and destabilizing of the ankle joint and problems with walking or running are all associated with flat feet that have become rigid and inflexible. All of these symptoms can lead to discomfort or increased risk of injury.

Flat footed individuals may also report that their shoes wear out faster than those of other people, or that their shoes wear out in a strange and irregular pattern.

Wearing orthopedic or corrective footwear can combat flat footedness and can train the arch to adequately support the foot. However, as an individual ages, the efficiency  of such an approach diminishes and flat foot surgery may become the only option.

What Are Flat Feet?  Simply put, flat feet – or fallen arches – occur when the arch of the foot no longer supports the foot’s typical shape. When this happens, the entire sole of the foot is contact with the floor during a step.

Flat foot surgery is a simple surgical procedure that involves rebuilding and realigning the arch of the foot so that it is able to bear the weight of the foot and support it whilst an individual is standing or walking.

Another way to quickly and easily test whether flat foot surgery is the best option for you:
Sit down in a comfortable chair and stretch your leg out in front of you; then, flex your ankle joint so that your foot is perpendicular to your leg, mimicking a stationary standing position. If you can bring your foot a further 15 degrees towards your shin, your foot is flexible enough to respond to corrective footwear and flat foot surgery isn’t required.
However, if this is painful or impossible – and you have no ankle problems that should cause this to be so – flat foot surgery is the best option.  It is essential that if in case you notice any of the above mentioned flat foot problems you immediately consult the doctor. This is because delays may lead to complications.